BASELINE INFORMATION AND INDICATORS FOR THE GAMBIA LDCF PROJECT:
“Implementing NAPA pr ior ity intervent io n to strengthen the climate change
early warning systems in the Gambia ”
The Republic of The Gambia has secured funding for a Medium-Sized Project (MSP) under the Global Environment Facility administered Least Developed Country Fund. The MSP, titled “Implementing NAPA priority intervention to strengthen the climate change early warning systems in the Gambia”, aims to reduce climate change vulnerability and enhance adaptive capacity in The Gambia by strengthening the country’s early warning and information sharing system through: i) rehabilitating existing hydrometeorological stations and equipping them with a critical minimal set of equipment and instruments; ii)
enhancing the human resources capacity of the Gambian National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) to enable accurate and timely collection, processing and interpretation of weather and climate data; and iii) improving the capacity of the NMHS to effectively package and share weather forecasts and early warning messages.
This report presents information on the project baseline and indicators collected during a two week mission to The Gambia in October 2011. During this mission, information was gathered from literature sources, key staff in the NHMS, representatives of stakeholder government and non-governmental organizations and ordinary villagers in the pilot project site. Information collected included: i) documentation on policies, strategies and plans; ii) anecdotal information through meetings; iii) baseline
vulnerability survey data from five pilot sites; and iv) data on baseline equipment and staffing levels.
Key results from this report include the following:
i) Three indicators have been proposed to be retained, three altered, seven changed and one added.
ii)Three baselines have been proposed to be retained, two changed and nine added.
iii) Six targets have been proposed to be retained, three altered, and five added.
iv) A simple vulnerability index has been developed to assist in monitoring and evaluating the indicator
for the overall project objective (To enhance adaptive capacity and reduce vulnerability to climate
change through a strengthened early warning and information sharing mechanism for a better
informed decision making by government and affected population). This index gives a vulnerability
score of 17 to the pilot project site out of a possible score of 48. It is hoped that through the
successful implementation of this project the sensitivity and adaptive capacity components of the
vulnerability index will be reduced from 4.9 to 3.8 and increased from 1.4 to 3 respectively. The
vulnerability index indicates the extent to which communities at the project pilot site are susceptible to
sustaining damage from climate change, and is a function of the magnitude of climate change, the
sensitivity of the communities and their capacity to adapt to the changes in climate.
v) Protocols for data collection and monitoring have been developed for all project indicators.
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